In general it is really difficult to identify HYPP (Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis) so that the symptoms can easily be mixed up with the symptoms of other diseases.
There is a high possibility of confusion with the following diseases.
- The horse suffers from great pain, is nervous, paws and kicks his legs under his belly
- The horse avoids long periods of standing, lays down and sometimes does not even get up anymore
- In cases of very high pain the horse sits down on his hind legs (normally only dogs sit in this position)
- The horse breathes abruptly and with eyes wide open
- The horse rejects any kind of fodder
- In some cases the horse has sudden sweating
- The musculature is tensed up
- The bully is bloated
- Increased respiratory and pulse frequency (normal pulse: 30-44 beats per minute; normally the horse breathes in 10-20 times per minute)
- You always need to observe the belly: very loud sounds are as unusual as no sounds at all
If your horse has symptoms for a colic it needs to get out of the box and slowly move. When the vet arrives he can inject a substance against the cramps.
Ataxia (dysfunction of the nervous system)
- Dysfunctions of simple movements or of the posture caused through defects of certain parts of the nervous system. Possible origins are injuries, wrong feeding, infections, poisoning and parasitism
- In case of an ataxia the horses has an irregular or (in worst case) a staggering movement. In some cases the horses even falls down
- Reduction of the reflexes and delayed reactions
If your horse suffers from an ataxia you cannot ride it for a long time and in worst case even never again.
Tying up originates from a disease of the musculature and the metabolism. Horses have an inflammation of the back musculature and suffer from great pain.
- The horse walks in a stiff way (especially with the hind legs)
- The musculature of the back is cramped
- The horse avoids any movement
- The horse can break down with his hind legs
- The horses presses the back down
- The musculature is tensed up and stiff
- Sudden sweating
- The musculature feels hot
- The muscles are all of a shake
- Increased heart beat
- Increased body temperature (up to 38,5 degrees)
- The urine has a red or black-brown color
If your horse suffers from Tying up it must avoid any movement!
- HYPP: Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis for Quarter Horse, Paint Horse and Others
- The mysterious horse disease: Equine Atypical Myopathy
- Equine herpes – mortal disease without vaccination
- Horses with Laminitis – Origin and Therapy